The concepts of the tourism industry about nature are closely related to travel. This has been a human phenomenon since the beginning of human civilization. Tourism in nature is a sensitive factor in human survival, nature discovery and knowledge of the unknown. Early in human life, humans traveled as primitive tribes in search of prey and food. Later, with the development of agricultural activities and a succession, places and bases were created that became a destination for travelers. Then the Industrial Revolution Movement led to the introduction of various destinations for travel and tourism. After that, the way of traveling changed and became easier and safer.
Different types of tourism
The tourism industry is a service industry that combines different economic sectors that provide services such as housing and accommodation, food, beverages, transportation and recreational services and cooperates with the distribution industry and the sale of goods and services. . The tourism industry is used alongside terms such as productivity, income generation and employment, economic growth, social development, and so on. But it does not produce any goods like other industrial products that you can buy and take home with you.
Hence, tourism is a hospitality industry and a bridge between different people of the world. The tourism industry has the most use of people compared to other industries and has made a valuable contribution to the world economy.
Different concepts in the tourism industry
Eco-tourism: A tourism industry that has a minimalist and minimal impact on the fragile natural environment and focuses on providing nature based on a variety of experiences.
Ethical Tourism: Another concept of the tourism industry. The concept of tourism in a specific destination that deals with ethical issues and is important to him. For example, social injustice, human rights, animal welfare or the environment are among the focus of moral tourism.
Environmental tourism: Tourism that occurs in natural environments and emphasizes on understanding and preserving the natural environment.
Geotourism: Another concept among the concepts of tourism industry that considers the geographical characteristics of a place. From the natural environment to the historical heritage, aesthetics, culture and well-being of its inhabitants.
Nature Tourism: Responsible travel to natural areas, which preserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people.
Nature-based tourism: A broad term that encompasses all experiences of tourism industry concepts in wild and natural environments. Nature-based tourism includes all forms of tourism, which consists of relatively untouched natural environments with various attractions and pristine environments. This concept of tourism industry can include intellectual, emotional and non-destructive activities, which in turn can include ecotourism and conservation tourism.
Pro-poor tourism: Tourism that results in an increase in net profit for poor people in a tourist destination.
Responsible Tourism: Tourism that maximizes the benefits of local communities; Minimize social or environmental negatives and help local people preserve fragile cultures and habitats and species.
Sustainable Tourism: Tourism that has a complete and comprehensive economic, social and environmental impact for the present and future. It also addresses the needs of visitors, different industries, the environment and host communities.
Wildlife tourism: Another concept of the tourism industry that provides a close relationship with wildlife and nature.
Principles of ecotourism
Ecotourism is about integrating conservation, diverse communities and sustainable travel. This concept among the concepts of the tourism industry means that people who participate in ecotourism activities must accept and follow the following ecotourism principles:
- Minimize the physical, social, behavioral, and psychological effects of the environment in which they enter.
- Creating awareness and respect for the environment and culture of the area.
- Provide positive experiences for both the visitor and the host.
- Creating direct financial benefits to protect that area.
- Produce financial benefits for both local people and small industries and private producers.
- It creates memorable experiences for visitors. As a result, it helps to increase people’s sensitivity to the environment around them, the culture they visit and the host community.
- Design, construction and operation of facilities that leave the least impact on the environment.
- Recognize the rights and spiritual beliefs of indigenous peoples in the community being visited and work with them to empower individuals.
Tourism industry in Iran
Experts estimate the amount of GDP produced indirectly through tourism in Iran at 1.6 percent. Also, the tourism industry in Iran has half a percent of employment. If more attention is paid to this industry, the tourism industry in Iran can greatly contribute to the employment crisis in the country. Due to the high diversity in the tourism industry, this industry can have a great impact on the country’s economy. The development of the tourism industry can help reduce unemployment and income distribution and increase government revenue.
The share of Iranian provinces in tourism
Usually tourists choose that place as their travel destination because of their interest in the culture, nature, or climate of the desired destination or the existence of historical tourist attractions. However, anywhere in Iran can be considered as the best tourist destinations for travelers. But in the meantime, some provinces of Iran have been able to attract the most foreign tourists. These provinces are: Khorasan Razavi, Isfahan, Fars, Hamedan, Kermanshah, Ilam, West Azerbaijan, Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Tehran, Khuzestan, Gilan and also Sistan and Baluchestan. It is necessary to know that Ilam province is the place where Iraqi tourists enter from the border of this province and is in the second place.
Growth of tourism industry in Iran
Tourism in Iran is considered as a recreational trip. Recently, tourism is any travel that a person chooses to leave their work and living environment. The tourism industry in Iran has a high capacity for growth and development. Tourism in Iran has been able to rank tenth in ancient and historical attractions. Iran also ranks fifth in natural attractions in the world.
Iran is one of the safest areas in terms of security for foreign tourists. According to statistics obtained in 2008, the number of tourists who visited Iran this year was 2,000,000 foreign tourists, while the number of tourists who traveled around the world this year was 842,000. بوده,000 tourists. One of the important factors in the development of tourism in Iran are mineral waters that exist in some areas. Iran’s mineral springs are scattered in some parts of Iran and have attracted domestic and foreign tourists. These springs are in the cities of Meshginshahr, Maragheh, Sarein, Ouj and Larijan.
Tourist attractions in Iran
In the northern part of Iran, Anzali Wetland in Anzali Port, Behesht Gilan and the city of water lilies, the Caspian coastline from Fereydunkenar to Chalous and Masouleh, this imaginary and foggy city are tourist areas in Iran. The mountainous areas in Masouleh, Si Sangan Forest Park in Nowshahr city attract many tourists. In these forested areas, various facilities are provided for travelers. Other attractions in northern Iran include Golestan National Park. This park is located in the middle of Kavous dome of this beautiful city in the embrace of Turkmen Sahara and Bojnourd. Golestan National Park has a dedicated recreation area that hundreds of thousands of tourists enter this area annually. From the southern regions of Iran, we can mention Hormoz, the colorful island of the Persian Gulf, and the shores of the Persian Gulf, which are the best places for leisure in summer due to the hot climate. One of the sights of this region is the mangrove forests on the shores of Bandar Abbas.
Among the tourist areas in Iran for winter sports are the Alborz and Zagros heights, which are covered with snow. These areas with their beautiful and natural landscapes, springs, natural caves and waterfalls are the most visited places in Iran. In summer, many travelers visit Ardabil, Meshginshahr, Sabalan and Sahand slopes and Damavand region in Alborz. In summer, it is the best choice to travel to Ardabil province. Shemshak, Tochal, Disney and Abali ski slopes, which are located in the Alborz highlands, are the best areas for winter sports in Iran.
Religious places and tourism in Iran
One of the important tourism centers in Iran are holy and religious places. Mashhad is the cultural and religious heart of Iran. Despite Imam Reza’s shrine, Mashhad annually attracts many pilgrims from all over Iran and foreign Muslim and neighboring countries. Various buildings that are around the shrine of Imam Reza, including the courtyard of Goharshad Mosque, despite the beautiful tiles and architecture of decorative arts are among the scenic areas of this region. Other religious regions of Iran include the court of Hazrat Masoumeh in Qom, Shahcheragh in Shiraz, Prince Abdolazim Hassani in the city of Rey and the court of Seyyed Jalaluddin Ashraf on the threshold of Ashrafieh. A large number of pilgrims visit these religious places during the holidays.
Historical and cultural regions of Iran
Fars province is one of the major centers of cultural and historical tourism in Iran and is known as the cultural capital of ancient Iran. In this province, various monuments and prehistoric monuments can be seen. In this province, we can name ten lithographs of cavemen. The ancient buildings of Ibn Provin include Pasargad, Persepolis, Persepolis, Naqsh-e Rostam, Vakil Bath and Bazaar, Quran Gate and the tombs of Saadi and Hafez. Many tourists travel to Fars province every year to visit these historical places. Shiraz is one of the big and old cities of Iran. Shiraz with the scent of orange spring is one of the biggest tourist attractions in Iran.
Isfahan is another historical and cultural region of Iran. Isfahan, despite its Naghsh Jahan Square, 33 bridges, Khajoo Bridge, Aali Qapo Mansion, Chehel Soton Palace and various arts such as miniatures, tiling and carving, has been introduced as the Islamic cultural capital of Iran. Other centers of cultural and historical tourism in Iran are Kermanshah province. The sights of this province are Taq-e-Bostan, Anahita Temple, Abbasi Caravanserai, Takiyeh Moavan-ol-Molk, the largest traditional bazaar in the Middle East, Shafei Mosque, Haj Shahbaz Khan Mosque and Bath.