Acquisition of aerospace technology and knowledge is one of the most important achievements of the Islamic Republic of Iran after 40 years of the Islamic Revolution, which has made Iran one of the 10 countries with a complete cycle of satellite technology. Iran’s aerospace industry, such as military, nano and nuclear industries, has been one of the empowering sectors of the country in recent decades, which has been able to place us among the countries with technology.
The success of our country’s scientists in launching living beings into space and launching telecommunication and imaging satellites and creating a space observation base are among the achievements that Iran has achieved in the last decade in the field of space technology. February 5 in the calendar coincides with Space Technology Day. The Islamic Republic of Iran has been included in the list of 5 emerging space countries in recent years.
How was the Iranian Space Agency formed?
The history of the Iranian Space Agency dates back to the early fifties. In 1973, the Iran Remote Sensing Center was established to provide the possibility of using satellites for the Program and Budget Organization. According to the decision of the Islamic Consultative Assembly in 1370, this center was under the supervision of the Ministry of Posts, Telegraphs and Telephones.
Dr. Morteza Barari, Deputy Minister of Communications and Head of the Iranian Space Agency: Before the revolution, an office called the “Satellite Data Collection Plan” was established in the Management, Program and Budget Organization. After some time, this plan was returned to the Radio and Television Organization and again to the Program and Budget Organization; After the revolution, this office was transferred from the Program and Budget Organization to the Ministry of Posts, Telegraphs and Telephones.
In 2003, according to a parliamentary resolution, the Iranian Space Agency was formed by merging three sections. In 2004, the statute of the Iranian Space Agency was approved and the Supreme Space Council was established under the chairmanship of the President.
The evolution of the country’s space technology
After the victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, simultaneously with the 8-year imposed war of Iraq against Iran, Iranian experts in the missile industry began to design and build new missiles and succeeded in building long-range ballistic missiles. In 1998, Iran succeeded in building a ballistic missile called “Shahab 3”. This missile was tested from 1998 to 2003 until it was officially added to the statistics of Iranian missiles in July 2003.
In 2005, Iranian experts, under a contract with Russia, developed a program to launch the first Iranian satellite called “Sina 1” and launched it into space. The construction and launch of this satellite was mostly in order to receive training related to rocket construction by Iranian experts and to assess the ability to use a satellite in space. With the launch of the Sinai satellite, Iran became the 43rd country in the world to have a satellite.
In 2006, Iran succeeded in building and launching the first test of the Shahab 4 rocket with a special navigation system, thus announcing to the world the achievement of satellite carrier manufacturing technology. A satellite carrying mission called “Probe 1” was launched into space. In fact, Probe 1 is the prototype of “Satellite on Ambassador” and with the construction and launch of this satellite, Iran is the ninth country that has the ability to send satellites into space.
On February 5, 2009, the first Iranian satellite called “Omid” was able to be launched into Earth orbit by the Safir 2 rocket. For this reason, this day is called “National Space Technology Day” in the Iranian calendar.
Read more: Sending living beings, the peak of Iran’s authority in space technology
The best plane in the world in Iran
The Boeing 737, with a capacity of 100 to 200 people, is one of the best-selling passenger aircraft in the world, with nearly 50 years since its first flight. Developed in the 1960s as a small, low-cost aircraft for short distances, it is very similar in design and production to the 727.
Due to the economic savings in the design and construction of the fuselage, the 737 series repeated its work on the 300 to 340 series and soon became one of the most popular aircraft for short domestic routes in various countries. Currently, more than two-thirds of Iran’s current orders are 737 Max-8 series aircraft, and along with the A330s, it creates a new space for Iran’s air fleet.
Iran’s aerospace industry, such as military, nano and nuclear industries, has been one of the empowering sectors of the country in recent decades, which has been able to place us among the countries with technology.
One of the most important technological activities after the revolution was the development of space science and technology, which brought many achievements to the country, both in terms of military and civilian research and industrial aspects. The development of Iran’s aerospace industry was one of the important strategies of the country’s military industry, which has now found commercial aspects.
The access of the country’s leading scientists and researchers to military aerospace systems and technologies in the last two decades came at a time when we experienced the most difficult situation of international sanctions, both in terms of technical knowledge and in terms of equipment and hardware capacities. , We had many shortcomings.