Prior to the Islamic Revolution, the country faced a shortage of electricity production and was lagging behind other countries in terms of production capacity, and no exports were made in the field of electricity from Iran. On the other hand, despite Iran’s large capacity for renewable energy, including solar and wind energy, these capacities had not been exploited. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution, relying on domestic capacities, a dramatic change took place in the electricity industry, so that in the fortieth anniversary of the revolution, all parts of the country are connected to electricity, electricity is exported to neighboring countries, several renewable energy plants Electricity is generated in different parts of the country and Iran is self-sufficient in the electricity industry and is ahead of the surrounding countries in many indicators.
The country’s electricity generation capacity has increased 14 times in the last 40 years
In recent years, attention to new areas of electricity generation has also flourished. The expansion of solar panels in the country and the operation of wind power stations and geothermal are other forms that show the attention and determination of the country’s executives to achieve the production of electricity from renewable and clean sources. The establishment of new energy disciplines and energy management in Tehran and Sharif universities, the establishment of the Faculty of Modern Sciences and Technologies of the University of Tehran and the formation of collections such as SATBA are clear symbols of a clean approach to the field of electricity supply in the country. Electricity production capacity in 1978 was about 19847 million kWh and in 2016 this figure reached 289196 million kWh.
Push years of electricity industry efforts
Forty years after the victory of the Islamic Revolution, 9 large thermal power plants of Toos, Gazi Shariati, Gazi Ghaen, Khayyam Combined Cycle, Shariati Combined Cycle, Kaveh Combined Cycle, Ferdowsi Combined Cycle, Shirvan Combined Cycle and Shams Sarakhs Combined Cycle with a production capacity of 5 thousand and 3 MW per year and the capacity of transmission and distribution substations has increased to 15,343 MV per year and the length of lines to 12,000 km in Khorasan provinces.
Construction of various wind, gas, fossil power plants and construction of the first nuclear power plant in Bushehr and the first underground energy power plant in Ardabil and the Islamic Republic of Iran is the fourth country to build a dam and provide various technical, civil and specialized services in various fields to other countries. , Is another golden leaf from the proud book of the Islamic Revolution. In general, this approach has caused the ratio of oil to non-oil exports to increase from 45% before the Islamic Revolution to more than 45% in the current situation and to create a relative balance for the export of other items.
National power plant construction operation
The construction of a national power plant is another important achievement of our country’s electricity industry. National power plant design with advanced units built in accordance with the climatic conditions of different parts of the country and with the objectives of increasing capacity and efficiency, compliance with environmental conditions and reducing water consumption, controlling pollutants, reducing construction costs and improving repair intervals, in scientific and expert studies Innovative like etch design. Oh you. HAS – Hight Ambient Solution has been prepared. The first example of this project was using an advanced unit built inside MGT 75, which was implemented in 1999 in one of the country’s power plants.
The length of Iran’s electricity networks reached about one million kilometers
The country’s electricity sector as an infrastructure industry in the last four decades has been able to play an important role in the economic development and prosperity of the country by developing its projects in various fields. A look at the activities of this industry in the field of construction of electricity networks (transmission, distribution and distribution) in the country shows that the length of these networks in 1957 and at the same time with the victory of the Islamic Revolution reached about 81,000 kilometers of circuit. At the beginning of the 11th government, this figure was about 812,000 kilometers and now it has exceeded 923,000 kilometers so that electricity can reach the farthest points of consumption and subscribers can enjoy its blessings. Therefore, the length of transmission and distribution networks in the country at the beginning of the revolution was 13,500 km orbit, which after the revolution with the construction of new lines, this figure has reached more than 125 thousand km of circuit and now the length of new transmission and distribution lines that With 85% progress being built and completed, it has reached 3,324 km. Also, the length of the country’s electricity distribution networks has increased from 68,000 kilometers at the beginning of the revolution to about 798,000 kilometers.