The establishment of the petrochemical industry in the country dates back to the 1930s. At the end of this decade, the then Ministry of Economy established a chemical company in order to expand and develop the petrochemical industry in the country, and in 1337, the company implemented the construction plan of Marvdasht Fars Chemical Fertilizer Factory (Shiraz Petrochemical). The first petrochemical complex in the country called Shiraz Petrochemical was put into operation in 1343 to produce chemical fertilizers.
The position of Iran Petrochemical in the world
Iran’s share of global markets in the fourth and fifth development plans has grown by a total of 15 percent, the largest increase in this share is related to the years 89 and 90, which was equal to 24. In the Fifth Development Plan, the highest level of stability is formed, ie 2% of the market share. In the Middle East market, the largest increase in market share was related to the years of the Fourth Plan, equal to 8% growth. The largest increase in market share in the Middle East is in 1988 with a growth of 259 percent. In the Fifth Development Plan, the market share of the Middle East has decreased by nearly 2% from the beginning to the end of 1994.
Significant growth in refinery production
The increase and development of refineries and petrochemical centers and the construction of more than 60 large oil, gas and petrochemical plants in the last four decades, has increased the country’s self-sufficiency in the oil industry from 4% to 80% and petrochemical production from 4 million tons In 1957, it reached 38 million tons after the revolution.
Comparison of important indicators of the petrochemical sector until 2008 and during the three decades after the revolution, the production of petrochemical products from one million and 604 thousand tons per year to 30 million and 40 thousand tons per year, the amount of domestic sales of petrochemical products from 570 thousand tons per year To 7 million and 556 thousand tons per year, the domestic sales value of petrochemical products from one billion and one hundred million tomans to 40 billion and 56 million tomans, the amount of petrochemical exports from 600 thousand tons to 12 million and 268 thousand tons and the value of petrochemical products exports from $ 46 million to $ 7.855 billion.
Production of the five main refinery products increased from 2.4 times from 1978 to 2012
Statistical study of Iran’s refinery products during the last one hundred years and since the establishment of Abadan refinery as the first refinery complex in the country in 1291, shows that during the 34 years after the revolution (until the end of 1391), which is eight years. During the imposed war, the production of the five main refining products increased by about 2.4 times compared to 66 years before the revolution, with a growth of 144 percent.
Comparison of important refinery indicators of the country in the years 1357 to 1391 shows great achievements and extensive investments in this sector, so that during this period the total production of five main products (liquefied petroleum gas, gasoline, kerosene, gas oil and furnace oil) It has increased from 99.74 million liters per day to more than 243 million liters per day.
Gasoline production more than 3.5 times in the years 1357 to 1391
Comparison of Iran’s refinery production since the start of Abadan Oil Refinery shows that refinery gasoline production during the 34 years after the Islamic Revolution (1978 to the end of 1391), compared to 67 years before the revolution (1291 to 1357) is almost 3 Increased 5.5 times and increased from 14.43 million liters per day to 49.8 million liters per day.
According to Abbas Kazemi, CEO of the National Company for Refining and Distribution of Petroleum Products, on March 3, 2009, at the peak of production, 63 million liters of gasoline are produced daily in the country’s oil refineries.
26-fold increase in petrochemical production
The comparison of important indicators of the petrochemical sector in the years 1357 to 1391 is another confirmation of the achievements of Iran’s oil and gas industry during the years after the Islamic Revolution. During this period, the production of petrochemical products increased from 1.604 million tons per year to 41 million tons per year.
In 1391, the installed capacity in the country’s petrochemical complexes has increased to 57 million and 100 thousand tons.
Self-sufficiency in gasoline production
The Persian Gulf Gas Condensate Refinery, as the largest gas condensate refinery in the world and the most Iranian refinery in the country, refined 450,000 barrels of South Pars gas condensate daily, putting the country on the path to self-sufficiency in gasoline supply.
With the opening of the final phase of this refinery in January 1997, the daily gasoline production capacity of the Persian Gulf Star Refinery reached 47 million liters of gasoline and 15 million liters of diesel per day.
After the Persian Gulf Star refinery, which ranks first in gasoline production in the country. Imam Khomeini Shazand refinery is in the second place with a daily production of 17 million liters of gasoline.
Bandar Abbas refinery with a daily production of 12 million liters of gasoline is the third largest producer of gasoline in Iran.
Isfahan refinery also has a daily production capacity of 12 million liters of quality gasoline.
After these refineries, Tehran refinery produces 7 million liters of gasoline per day, which plays a key role in maintaining the country’s energy security.
Tabriz and Lavan refineries each have a daily production capacity of 3 million liters of gasoline.
Next to these refineries, there is also the new Kat Cracker Complex of Abadan Refinery, which can produce up to 15 million liters of quality gasoline per day.