Oil and Gas
The oil industry is one of the most effective and largest industries in the world, especially Iran. In addition to being a major source of energy in today’s world, oil also plays an important role in determining the level of national power and international credibility of different countries. The oil sector in the Iranian economy has been the main source of national income for many years. The oil industry has various sectors that include exploration, extraction, refining and transportation, and marketing of petroleum products. Increasing hydrocarbon and natural gas reserves In the years after the victory of the Revolution, Iran’s hydrocarbon and natural gas reserves have increased as a result of exploration activities and during the years 1357 to the end of 1391 has increased from 145.94 billion barrels to 157 billion barrels. Extractable natural gas reserves also increased from 12.75 trillion cubic meters to more than 33.6 trillion cubic meters during this period. The increase in hydrocarbon and natural gas reserves is in the post-revolutionary years, while approximately 40 billion barrels of crude oil and over 2.4 trillion cubic meters of natural gas have been extracted during this period. Significant growth of important indicators of the gas and gas supply sector The study of important indicators of the gas and gas supply sector in the years 1357 to 1391 is another golden leaf of the efforts of the country’s oil and gas field. Statistics recorded in this period show an increase in domestic consumption of natural gas (domestic, commercial, major industries and power plants) from 6.8 million cubic meters per day to 415.4 million cubic meters per day. Also, the study of statistics from 1357 to 1390 shows an increase in the construction of natural gas transmission lines from 290 km to 34,154 km, an increase in the number of installed branches from 50,000 branches to more than 8 million and 730 thousand branches, an increase in households covered by natural gas From 51,000 households to more than 14 million and 800 thousand households. Before the Iranian oil money revolution, the savior of bankrupt American industries With these purchases, Iran at that time was equipped with the latest equipment in the world. But in some cases, our country was responsible for reviving broken and crisis-stricken American factories, such as Northrop Grumman, meaning that our oil money was a means of reviving the American arms industry during the Pahlavi era. Grumman, the manufacturer of the F-14, for example, got out of bankruptcy by ordering 80 F-14s and receiving the money at the time of its bankruptcy, and returned to the production wheel. Production of the main products of the exchanges increased by 2.4 times. After the revolution until the end of 2009, the production of the five main refining products has increased by about 2.4 times compared to before the revolution with a growth of 135.5 percent. During this period, the total production of the five main products (liquefied petroleum gas, gasoline, kerosene, gas oil and fuel oil) has increased from 74.99 million liters per day to more than 235.73 million liters per day. However, with the victory of the Islamic Revolution, the West’s misuse of the country’s oil was eliminated, and in this area, the system, the revolution and the people achieved independence. After the revolution, the West and foreigners lost control of the country’s oil, and many Western agents left the country, and this success came at a time when foreign advisers were officially announcing that they would return soon. Cutting off foreign iodine from the oil industry is one of the greatest achievements of the Islamic Revolution in the oil industry Basically, the presence of oil in the Middle East is one of the main reasons and factors for the efforts of the world’s colonial and arrogant countries to infiltrate the oil-rich countries. The region aims to obtain, access and plunder oil resources, a process that is still ongoing. After the revolution, the West and foreigners lost control of the country’s oil, and many Western agents left the country, and this success came at a time when foreign advisers were officially announcing that they would return soon. In the pre-revolutionary period, the country’s oil industry was deeply dependent on external factors, but now the management of oil resources and fields in this region is led and realized by the children of Islamic Iran, and this success has been achieved in a situation that during four In the last decade, 8 years of war and many oppressive sanctions have been imposed on the people, the country and the system. In many oil-rich countries, multinational corporations manage their oil affairs, but in Islamic Iran, even when contracts are concluded with multinational corporations, we are in charge of our own affairs, and these corporations do some of the work defined within a framework. They do it clearly and leave at the end of their mission. Increase production and sales of oil, gas, liquids and gas condensate Average production of rich gas from 110 billion cubic meters to 551.9 billion cubic meters, production of liquids and gas and oil condensate from 3.3 thousand barrels per day to 448.2 thousand barrels per day, gas injection into oil fields from 2.7 million cubic meters per day to 77.7 million cubic meters and drilling performance has increased from an average of 117 thousand meters in the year before the revolution to 491.6 thousand meters by 1390.