Nano technology

Nanotechnology or nanotechnology is a field of applied knowledge and technology that covers a wide range of applications. Nanoscience allows us to make and design materials that have new properties and properties. In short, nanotechnology means performing engineering of materials in atomic-molecular dimensions and making materials with completely different properties in nanoscale. The beginning of the nano-path started in 2001 in Iran with the publication of 10 ISI articles; At the same time, Iran was ranked 57th in the nano field. But now Iran’s scientific production has reached a stage that has exceeded 10,000 articles and 25% of Iran’s scientific production is related to the nano field. Scientific desert in the field of nano before the Islamic Revolution Although nanoscience has been around in European countries and the United States for about 60 years, but before the Islamic Revolution, science and nanoscience did not exist in any of the country’s universities and no theoretical research had been done in this field. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution and with the slogan of neither East nor West, which indicates the departure from any foreign domination, naturally there was no scientific support for the country, and this has caused Iranian scientists and researchers after crossing difficult passes such as 8 years. Holy Defense and entering the construction phase of the country, take the lead in the field of nanoscience. Lack of any support from Western countries and only using the research that has been formed in this field, has led to the formation of two 10-year planning styles in the field of scientific progress in the field of nanotechnology, and finally Iran in less than 20 years Reach the peaks of nanotechnology in the world. Although this event has been delayed compared to other countries, its acceleration has been so scientifically and structurally significant that it dazzles all countries of the world. Comparison of continents in the production of global nanoscience Statistics show that Asia-Pacific accounts for 53% of global nanoscience production, followed by Europe, which has a 28% share of world science production. Read more: Iran ranks fourth in nanotechnology articles Iran is higher than Islamic countries in the field of nanoscience With the production of 40% of nanoscience, Iran has the largest share of this science production among Islamic countries. After Iran, Saudi Arabia with 13%, Turkey with 11% and Malaysia with 9%. There are 30,000 researchers in the field of nanoscience Emad Ahmadvand, Director of the Working Group for the Promotion of the Special Staff for the Development of Nanotechnology, noting that the Nano Headquarters has developed a clear model for nanotechnology development over the past 10-15 years; He stated: At present, more than 130 centers, including colleges and research institutes in the country, are active in the field of nanotechnology; As during these years, and especially during the year 1996, we have had more than 100 active centers in the country.
The director of the working group for the promotion of the Special Headquarters for the Development of Nanotechnology of the Presidency added: “The model of nanotechnology development in our university centers is a decentralized model and is not concentrated in a few specific colleges. This makes the work more sustainable.” If a college or university is in fact the nano pole and faces management or budget problems, the whole thing may stop, but we are witnessing the activity of professors, colleges and universities in other provinces in the field of nanotechnology by decentralizing nanotechnology. Ahmadvand said: “This decentralization of nano-activities has caused more than 30,000 researchers in the master’s degree and above to do research or work in the field of nano.” Medical achievements of nanoscience Some of the medical advances in nanoscience include: The anti-cancer drug “Sanadoxosum” is one of the achievements of researchers in the field of nanotechnology by targeting cancer engines. Reducing side effects, low price compared to similar samples are among the competitive advantages of this drug. In addition, the researchers developed a drug called cinnamicurcin, using the main ingredient in turmeric called curcumin. It is an anti-inflammatory drug for the joints, improves the function of the fatty liver, is a blood thinner and is anti-inflammatory for the intestines. Achieving the formulation and production of the drug Paklinb is another achievement of researchers in the field of nanotechnology, which was developed with the aim of treating advanced breast, lung and pancreatic cancers. Reducing the duration of use and reducing the degree of toxicity and anti-tumor activity are more among the benefits of this drug. Further reading: Export of nano products to 47 countries Conclusion In the post-revolutionary years, Iran has gone through many crises and, despite all its limitations and deprivations, has made great strides. One of the most important achievements of the Islamic Republic in the post-revolutionary period is the acquisition of new sciences and technologies that have a special and well-known position throughout the world. In this article, all the points about Iran’s achievements in the field of nanoscience were explained and we realized that Iran has been one of the most successful countries in the field of nanotechnology after the revolution. We also found that nanoscience is influential in many fields, such as medicine.