The mining and mineral industries are the path to sustainable development in many countries. The most important principle in achieving sustainable development through the expansion of the mining sector and mining industries is the simultaneous attention to three principles: economic, environmental and social. Whenever these three sectors are considered simultaneously in a country, the mining sector has experienced higher development and, consequently, sustainable economic development.
Transformation in the mines
Statistical study of the situation of the country’s mines shows that at the beginning of 1978, there were about 195 active mines in the country, but in 1397 this number increased to 6,455 active mining units. Steel production in 1978 was equal to 2.4 million tons per year, which increased to 120 million tons in 1393 and to 205 million tons per year in 1397. The high growth of cathode copper production has caused the Islamic Republic of Iran to be among the top 10 cathode copper producing countries in 1990 and the country’s production capacity in this sector has reached 255 thousand tons and the increasing trend of ceramic tile production in recent years has caused Has made Iran one of the top five countries in the world.
Also in 1978, the production capacity of petrochemical industries was close to 3 million tons, which in 1397 has reached more than 67.6 million tons. In the field of chemical, petroleum, coal, rubber and plastic products, in 1355 there were 224 large industrial workshops with 24 thousand and 24 employees, which in 1393 to 2 thousand 176 workshops with 223 thousand and 880 employees. it is arrived. In 1355, the number of large industrial workshops that were active in the field of manufacturing non-metallic mineral products was 1,949 workshops with 57,049 employees, which in 1393 to 3,016 workshops and for the employees of these workshops to 174 1,261 people have increased. The number of large industrial workshops for the production of basic metals in 1355, 47 workshops with 6 thousand 777 people were employed, the number of workshops in 1393 reached 677 workshops and the number of employees of these workshops increased to 130 thousand 620 people.
Achieving 13th world rank in steel production
Thirteenth place in the production of strategic steel product belongs to Iran; Steel is a strategic product and is known in the world as the mother industry and is one of the most important and influential goods in the industrial growth and development of countries, which is the second largest commodity in world trade after oil and gas. According to the World Steel Association, less than 70 countries are active in steel production, and countries without this industry must either give up their progress or become dependent on producing countries, in which Iran is the 13th largest steel exporter in the world. That is, after the Islamic Revolution, steel production in Iran was 18 times the world average, which shows a surprising leap in the production of this strategic product.
Significant increase in steel production from half a million tons before the revolution to more than 38 million tons per year and ranking 13th in the world, increase in cement production from 6.3 million tons to about 90 million tons, increase in mineral production from 20 million tons to 220 Millions of tons, increase and development of car production and export with all kinds of light and heavy vehicles, increase and development of all kinds of home and industrial appliance factories and tens of similar cases, are among the other industrial honors of the country in the post-revolutionary period.
Iran is the fifth richest country in the world in natural resource reserves
Based on 10 expensive commodities such as oil, gas, coal, forest and wood, gold, silver, copper, uranium, crude iron and phosphate, which are considered natural resource criteria; Iran ranks fifth in the world after Russia, the United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, with rich oil and gas resources worth a total of $ 27 trillion. China, Brazil, Australia, Iraq and Venezuela also ranked sixth to tenth in the world. With a combined value of $ 77.6 trillion in natural reserves, Saudi Arabia, Iran and Iraq account for a quarter of the total value of these resources among the 10 richest countries in the world.
Iran ranks first in the world in cement exports
Iran ranks first in the world in cement exports and there is a proper distribution of rich mineral resources in the country so that it is possible to produce cement in almost all of Iran (cement is difficult to transport and accounts for a significant part of the cost of cement Assigns). Iran’s richness in terms of energy resources, neighborhood with the world’s largest importers of cement and having 80% of technical and engineering equipment and knowledge related to this industry in terms of technology is one of the advantages of Iran’s cement industry.
In 2014, Iran was ranked 20th in the world in the production of aluminum, which is the most useful metal after iron and is important in almost all sectors of the industry. Aluminum is widely used in transportation, packaging, construction, electrical equipment and transmission lines and is of great importance. 60% of Iran’s mineral reserves can be produced for construction materials and other metallic and non-metallic minerals. Iran is among the top 5 countries in the world with an annual extraction of 12 million tons of decorative and construction stones, but in terms of exports, with figures of $ 250 to $ 400 million, it is among the top 20 countries.