Medical equipment is one of the industries that has continued to grow and develop with the growth of human societies. According to studies, the first type of medical equipment with acceptable standards today can be seen in the remnants of the land of Balochistan in 7000 BC. In addition, in ancient Rome, various types of medical equipment were used to treat many diseases. But in the meantime, we should not forget the tremendous impact of Islamic culture and scientists in the development of this industry.
It was in the early nineteenth century that a new era of medical equipment began. In the first half of this century, the first modern medical telephones and laryngoscopes entered the market. It was in 1895 that the German scientist Wilhelm Ronghten introduced X-rays to the medical world to mark a major breakthrough in medicine. A few years later, two Dutch scientists introduced the electrocardiograph to the medical community to keep their name and memory alive in the human heart. Today, with the growth of science and technology and the expansion of international markets, this industry continues to grow and develop every day.
The latest statistical estimates indicate that the market value of medical equipment in 2017, beyond previous expectations and forecasts, exceeded $ 409 billion and reached $ 523 billion. In addition, this figure is projected to reach close to $ 674 billion by 2022, with a compound annual CAGR growth of 5.3%, which is a bright horizontal promise for the industry.
The United States currently has the largest market share at 39 percent, followed by Germany, Japan and China. But looking at the statistics, we can see Iran’s small share of this large market. According to the latest reports published by the Chamber of Commerce and other reputable institutions, Iran’s share of this numerical market is close to $ 1.7 billion, which is far from the desired horizon. In addition, statistics show that in the year ending March 2017, the volume of imports of medical equipment was $ 928 million and its share of exports was only $ 22 million.
Unofficial statistics are not far behind. According to officials, the amount of medical equipment exports in 2017 was $ 24 million and Iranian medical equipment was exported to about 55 countries. But official statistics show that the exports of our neighboring country, Turkey, in 2017, amounted to 319 million dollars, which indicates a significant gap in the development of the medical equipment industry in Iran and Turkey.
However, we should not ignore the progress and achievements of this industry in recent years. At present, Iran is one of the few countries that has reached the level of self-sufficiency in the production of disposable medical products and even exports some products to different countries. On the other hand, according to estimates, currently about 45% of the domestic demand for medical equipment is produced by Iranian companies, which indicates the important role of this industry in the development of job creation. According to the latest comments and despite the difficult economic conditions, about 510 companies are currently working in this industry, which with the development of knowledge-based companies, this figure could increase in the coming years. Despite various fluctuations in recent years, Iran’s exports in 2017 compared to the previous year, increased by 43%, which indicates the efforts of artisans and domestic experts to achieve the desired horizon in this industry.
But in the year designated by the Supreme Leader as the Year of Production Prosperity, the path for the growth and development of this industry must be paved more than ever. In his annual speech, he considered the boom in production to be effective in solving the problem of unemployment, increasing the value of the national currency and reducing inflation. Meanwhile, the medical equipment industry, due to its significant added value, can play an effective role in achieving these goals. Meanwhile, small and medium-sized companies have a significant role in this field.
In the United States, there are about 6,500 companies operating in this industry, which is almost 12 times more than in Iran. On the other hand, about 45% of companies operating in this industry are small and medium businesses, which is a good indication of this practice in the growth of the medical equipment industry in developed countries. In addition, one of the most important effects of the production boom in this sector is the increase in employment. According to statistics, about 550,000 people in Europe and 601,000 in the United States are employed in this industry, which indicates the importance of this sector in the development of employment. However, despite the lack of new and official reports and based on the report published by the Iranian Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Mines in 1995, assuming an optimistic annual growth of 5 /. Percentage of employment in this sector in Iran, currently about 51 thousand people are employed in this industry, which has a share of less than two tenths of a percent of total employment in the country, while this share in the United States is about 6 percent and in Europe close to 5 tenths of a percent.
Activists and employees of this industry believe that the share of this sector in employment and economic development of the country should be increased by strengthening the effective factors in the growth of this value-creating industry.
According to the reports of reputable international institutions, many factors can be considered effective in the growth and development of this industry. But the three factors of elderly population, technology growth and health care costs can be considered the most effective factor in the growth of this industry. Currently, according to the latest World Bank statistics in 2016, the share of health sector expenditures in GDP in Iran is 8.1%, which is higher than the average health sector expenditures in the Middle East and lower than in EU member states. Is wet. Therefore, at present, there is a good capacity for the development of this sector in the country. On the other hand, according to the statistics of this institution, currently 9% of the world’s population and 5% of Iran’s population are elderly (65 years and older), which shows the need to develop the medical equipment industry and increase export capacity. .
In order to develop the day of adding this industry, it is necessary to pave the production path for the activists of this industry. The Supreme Leader also considers that one of the requirements for the prosperity of production and the realization of this year’s slogan is the improvement of the business environment and the reform of existing procedures and laws. The rules and regulations governing this industry have a significant impact on the prosperity or recession of this sector.
According to the latest research, 68% of companies active in this industry in the world, change the rules and regulations related to this industry as the biggest challenge facing them next year. In our country, like many countries in the world, the laws of this sector are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. In this situation, the standards, procedures and guidelines governing this sector should be adjusted in such a way that while adhering to the standards of developed countries and relative stability, it is flexible with target markets such as Central Asian and East Asian countries.
According to the policies of the resistance economy, one of the important strategies in the prosperity of production is to support exports and expand export incentives. According to research institutions, the lack of export incentives is one of the effective obstacles to increase exports in the medical equipment industry. However, it is hoped that with the formation of a working group for the development of medical equipment in the Ministry of Health, attention to exports and support for entrepreneurs in this industry Prioritize responsible institutions. On the other hand, one of the most important axes of the statement of the second step of the revolution is to strengthen the country’s economic independence through mass production and quality. Mass production is one of the most important concepts in economics, which requires reducing the cost of production along with increasing the scale and volume of production. In addition, according to studies conducted by the Oxford Institute and the OECD in 2000, the medical equipment industry is in the group of high-tech industries, which indicates the important role of technology and technology in the quality of products in this industry. Therefore, it can be said that increasing productivity, access to modern medical technologies and strengthening research and development units in production units, have an important and undeniable role in mass production and quality in this industry. Access to the huge market of 200 million neighboring countries is also a great opportunity for the development of this industry.
At present, based on the available evidence, it can be said that the growth rate of the medical equipment market in Iran is 9.1%, which is higher than the average rate in the world. In addition, the production of 280,000 types of goods in Iran’s medical equipment industry promises sympathizers and officials that in the not-too-distant future, Iran’s share in international markets will increase many times over today.
Activists and entrepreneurs of the Iranian medical equipment industry, despite all the obstacles and problems and in the difficult conditions of the economic war, believe that if we support this industry and remove the existing obstacles, we can see the day when the “Made in Iran” trademark, It will become a lasting name in the world medical equipment market.
Types of medical equipment classification
The US Food and Drug Administration has divided each of the devices in medical equipment into three classes according to their impact on the human body and health.
Class A: The equipment in this class has the least risk and impact on humans and is designed to be very simple. General controls should be performed on these devices. General controls include registering the device manufacturer with the FDA, registering the device manufactured with the FDA, manufacturing the device in accordance with the Good Manufacturing Conditions Act, and labeling the device. About 74% of manufacturing equipment such as bandages and medical gloves fall into this category.
Class B: Items that fall into this group, in addition to the general controls that are performed on them, a series of special controls must also be performed on them. Hot water bags and some wavy mattresses fall into this group.
Class C: Items that are very sensitive and on which the patient’s life depends are in this group. This group is very effective in diagnosing, preventing and treating diseases. In addition to general controls, a variety of tests are used for this type of equipment. Devices such as sphygmomanometers, heart rate monitors and highly advanced medical equipment fall into this category.
All kinds of medical equipment
Examination devices: Any type of device used by a physician to diagnose a disease is known as an examination device.
Public equipment: Any type of equipment that is commonly available in clinics and hospitals is known as public equipment.
Obstetrics and Gynecology: Any device that is used in the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases in the obstetrics and gynecology department of hospitals and doctors’ offices are in this group.
Medical equipment: Any equipment used in the rapid treatment of patients in hospitals and other medical records are in this group.
Laboratory equipment: Any type of device used in laboratories to diagnose various diseases are in this group.
Operating room equipment: Any type of equipment used in the operating room is known as operating room equipment.
Ward equipment: The types of equipment used in different wards of hospitals and medical centers are in this group.
Dental equipment: Dental equipment, which is also very sensitive, falls into this group.
Unclassified: Any device that does not fall into the mentioned categories are classified in this group.
Maintenance of medical devices and equipment
Because some of the equipment used in hospitals is very expensive and sensitive, it is necessary to maintain and check these devices periodically. Hospital property accounts for about 30 to 40 percent of hospital costs, and therefore proper maintenance of these devices can save a lot of hospital costs. For this purpose, there should be a specific plan for the maintenance of these devices, and all colleagues in hospitals should cooperate in this work. In case of failure of any of the devices, the medical equipment engineer can help in repairing and repairing the failure of the devices and fix it. The German Medical Equipment Exhibition is also one of the important medical exhibitions.
- The role of medical equipment engineer in the maintenance of devices
- A medical equipment engineer is responsible for the installation and commissioning of various medical devices in hospitals and medical centers.
- The relevant engineer must provide the necessary training for the repair of medical devices to the operators of the devices.
- Planning for maintenance of all types of medical devices
- Maintenance of important and sensitive medical devices
- Monitor the performance of medical devices and review all suggestions for better performance of medical devices