Livestock, poultry and fisheries
The country’s livestock, poultry and aquaculture industry is 70 years old. There are currently 645 production units operating in this field, and the industry has been able to directly create jobs for 399 veterinarians, 492 specialists in animal nutrition, animal husbandry and animal sciences, 1,100 technical technicians and 12,000 workers, 89% of whom are men. And 11% are women.
55 production units produce 12% of livestock, poultry and aquatic feed, which are of special importance due to the observance of all health aspects.
Currently, 98% of the country’s livestock feed is produced in feed, poultry and aquaculture factories and partly in breeding units, and only 2% of it is imported.
Last year, the export of ready-made feed for livestock, poultry and aquaculture reached more than 186 thousand tons with a value of more than 74 million dollars, which compared to 1390 in terms of volume by 139 percent and in terms of value by 135 percent.
39 feed mills have IR ID
Currently, 39 livestock and poultry feed mills (equivalent to 8.5% of them in total) have IR identification, which can export without going through administrative bureaucracy to obtain various licenses;
The IR ID allows manufacturers to ship their products to export markets in a shorter time without having to go through any administrative steps.
In the last five years, the production lines of 345 factories (75%) have been updated and 97 factories, equivalent to 21%, need to be updated, and we expect the Deputy Minister of Livestock Affairs of the Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture to allocate the necessary funds for this next year.
Currently, 59 production units partner with prominent foreign companies, and 51 production factories in the livestock, poultry and aquaculture sector have export history, exporting their products to 17 countries, but 78% of the factories do not have an export program.
The value of more than 100 billion tomans of the country’s annual livestock production
“Liberalization of poultry exports can boost the industry of mother chickens, poultry, day-old chicks, and ultimately the feed, poultry and aquaculture industries, and increase the currency of non-oil exports.”
Of course, corn inputs, soybean meal, additives and supplements are the main raw materials in this imported industry.
There is no prohibition that quality raw materials are supplied and imported from different countries and converted into ready-to-eat animal feed and re-exported in Iran; Because this is common in all countries of the world and there is no problem, we must consider the domestic markets in terms of price and supply of food.
The production chain is one of the topics of the Ministry of Jihad for Agriculture in recent years to connect the various links in the chain.
For example, 50% of the capacity of the feed, poultry and aquaculture industry is now empty; So what’s wrong with poultry farmers ordering a quality formula?
The livestock industry as one of the subdivisions of agriculture in the world and internationally has a significant growth and expansion and its entrepreneurship in job creation, value creation, human nutrition, human health and society and in general its irreplaceable role in The economy has always been supported and considered by governments and developed or developing countries.
This industry in our country, despite the support defined in the laws and perspectives, still lacks infrastructure, lack of coherent and sustainable management, superficiality to basic and macro issues, lack of prioritization in planning and … in It has been a bottleneck and has faced activists, investors and producers with a kind of ambiguity about the future of work, while with current investments, capacities and potentials and existing facilities, we can improve infrastructure, facilities and credit support. Towards government and culture-building, we should move the direction of the curve towards further growth and excellence, and bring persuasion to the two strata of producers and consumers.
In the current situation, after going through the ups and downs of achieving self-sufficiency and being in a relatively ideal situation, it is unkind to pursue goals and programs with a superficial attitude and ignore the long-term prospects that are the result of the industry’s advocates. It should be taken because mobility in such a way not only diminishes our position and competitive power at the global and international level, but also makes the country dependent on foreign markets in meeting domestic needs.
The main problem of farmers in the current stages of importing protein and other animal products such as powdered milk, high production costs, low purchase price of milk by factories, lack of hope to sell the product in the future, etc., all of which can be absent Summarized the infrastructure.
For example, milk, as one of the products produced by farmers, is a perishable substance that is the biggest problem of farmers in the current situation, and the non-purchase of this product by factories, forces the farmer to buy it at the lowest price, which harms him. It is associated with selling, which means that the problem that always plagues this class is that if medical measures for this disease are not considered, this economic cycle will continue for a while and the passage of time will lead to a direction where the level of production is reduced and Due to economic inefficiency, the producer is forced to send productive cattle, which are considered national assets, to slaughterhouses.
Continuation of this method in the short term not only reduces the level of milk production, but also in the long run, with a decline in reproduction, meat production is reduced, and the desire of traders and opportunists in this valley doubles, regardless of instability in Regional and supra-regional markets and issues deprive them of the waste of thought and thought of the officials, the power of creativity, initiative and cooperation with modern sciences. With these descriptions, it can be concluded that the main problem in infrastructure disruption is this sector. The following suggestions can help us achieve the best implementation of this project.