The subject of parks, growth centers and technology centers is nearly 70 years old, but in Iran it is 20 years old, and these concepts are not new in the world. In fact, it can be said that parks and growth centers and their products, which are the same technology units and knowledge-based companies, are the product of the revolution.
Knowledge-based companies are companies in which the element of science and knowledge is an integral part. In other words, unlike many commercial companies, knowledge-based companies can have no tangible and tangible assets such as land, machinery, and equipment and production equipment, and operate only by combining knowledge, technology, and scientific and research expertise.
Before the revolution, we imported technology, but now we are building it!
Before the revolution, we did not have any problems as knowledge-based companies, science and technology parks and growth centers in Iran. The concept of knowledge base is less than 10 years old and science and technology parks are nearly two decades old. The backwardness of Iranian universities before the revolution is another reason why these concepts did not exist in Iran before the revolution.
Because these issues did not exist before the revolution, no comparison can be made, but perhaps the most important issue is perspective. The pre-revolutionary view was to bring the production line in by producing, assembling, and to some extent building in a factory. The most obvious example of this is car companies that bring a technology into Iran with oil money, settle in Iran, and this technology is taught to Iranians.
The position of knowledge-based from the perspective of leadership
Ayatollah Khamenei, Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution, in a group meeting of researchers and innovators in the field of science and technology and officials of knowledge-based companies and science and technology parks, considered science as a boiling and inexhaustible capital for the country and based on the role of economy They emphasized knowledge in promoting national identity, political power and independence of the country.
He added: “Today, Iran is in a lasting historical and sensitive period that the correct knowledge of the responsibilities and their fulfillment, will definitely bring the Iranian nation to promising horizons and desired ideals.” He also added: “One of the best manifestations and the most effective components of the resistance economy are knowledge-based companies that can make the resistance economy more sustainable.”
The Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution considered real economic growth to depend on the production of wealth through knowledge and science and noted: If knowledge-based companies are taken seriously and their quantitative and qualitative development is supported, the country’s economy will flourish through true wealth creation through science. Will arrive.
Rank 61 Iran in the world knowledge-based economy
The Vice President for Science and Technology said: “According to the latest report of the Global Innovation Index (GII), the Islamic Republic of Iran has seen an improvement in the field of innovation and is ranked 61st among countries in the world with an increase of 4 ranks.”
Sorena Sattari, Vice President for Science and Technology, on the sidelines of the cabinet meeting, ranked Iran 61st in the Innovation Index, up four places from last year. He added: “At the beginning of the government, our rank was 120 and this is the fifth year that we have a decrease in rank, and this is the result of the work of universities, research innovation centers, start-up businesses and knowledge-based companies and venture capitalists.”
Find out more: Iran’s position in the region in terms of knowledge-based economy
The story of knowledge-based in Iran
Since 2007, when the government decided to support knowledge-based companies, we hear the name of this type of company a lot. But before this date, there were several knowledge-based companies operating in the country. Iran’s first knowledge-based company called “Pouya” had started operating in 1982. The number of knowledge-based companies in Iran has increased from 55 companies in 1992 to more than 5,000 companies this year.
The latest statistics on the population employed in the country’s knowledge-based companies are related to the first half of 1998, which included 300,000 people, with the average share of each company being 60 people. The total revenues of knowledge-based companies increased from 11 thousand billion Tomans in 1993 to 90 thousand billion Tomans in 1997. That is, in 1997, on average, each knowledge-based company had a revenue of more than 22 billion tomans.
Knowledge-based companies have grown from zero companies before the revolution to 1150 companies in 2016. And in 1999, the number of these companies has increased dramatically. In this article, we mentioned the importance of knowledge-based companies, and the importance of knowledge-based companies becomes more apparent to us, given that our Supreme Leader also spoke about the importance of knowledge-based companies.
As mentioned in this article, Iran is ranked 61st in the world knowledge-based economy, which is a good ranking for our country. Just as our knowledge-based economy has grown significantly in recent years, our knowledge-based economy is expected to improve in the next few years.