Deprivation

As a statistical example of the lack of success in the field of deprivation and land management, we can point to the distribution of absolute poverty in the country based on studies by the Parliamentary Research Center. The issue of deprivation and deprivation of rural areas as a prelude to achieving sustainable development is one of the most important issues in countries because efforts to develop the country through planning and in the form of development plans and development is in fact the country’s planning system. Programs The policies and approaches that govern them play an important role in the development and backwardness of the regions, so it is important to consider the status of deprivation and deprivation as well as the position of the village as deprived settlements in the Iranian planning system. IRGC deprivation plans The Commander of the Spiritual Corps of Markazi Province stated at the inauguration ceremony of these projects: “Today, working in the village and deprived areas is a great success and a valuable opportunity to serve the people. Thanks to the Islamic Revolution and the formation of jihadi groups consisting of creative Basij youth and The originator has paid special attention to the deprived villages. Deprivation activities and the resistance economy are the focal point of countering the actions and conspiracies of the enemies, because during these years, the enemies focus on the economy with the aim of holding back and becoming more dependent. Second Brigadier General Mohsen Karimi said: “One of the most important spiritual characteristics of the martyrs and fighters in the eight years of holy defense was deprivation and service to the people, and in this way they did not spare any effort.” Poverty rate before and after the revolution According to the IRGC commander, after the revolution, the number of people living below the poverty line has decreased to ten percent of the total population. The study conducted by Faktnameh for Deutsche Welle in Farsi refutes this claim. The faculty member of Shahid Beheshti University said: “We can compare on several levels, first, to compare Iran today and the past forty years with the world statistics in terms of development and see what rank we had in the world forty years ago and what rank we have today.” . Deprivation in the Corona To date, the Foundation has allocated 2,500 billion tomans in the corona discussion with the aim of helping the health care system and supporting the needy and the people affected by the corona outbreak, which also includes 450 billion tomans of loans paid to the affected groups. Of course, during this period, the share of the Relief Committee was about 620 billion Tomans due to the high population of clients covered, and the share of the Welfare Organization, due to the smaller number of its clients, was about 230 billion Tomans. Number of equipped villages after the revolution According to the 1995 population and housing census, 26 percent of the country’s population lives in rural areas. Our country, like many developing countries, during the last half century has chosen specific strategies on how to deal with rural issues in the framework of development programs, the main purpose of most of these strategies is to develop infrastructure services and rural development through physical measures. And infrastructure such as road construction, etc. has been with the approach of making physical changes. 1- Coverage of more than 95% of primary health care in rural areas after the revolution and increase life expectancy by 21 years. 2- Unprecedented reduction of deaths due to lack of access to health care centers due to the establishment of 115 emergency stations in all rural boarding health centers 3- Increasing air emergency bases to 33 cases across the country and using it to provide medical services and air ambulances in rural and deprived areas. 4- Upgrading the number of health houses from 1340 units before the revolution to 2000 units and increasing it 15 times. 5- 421% increase in rural health centers from 518 units to 2697 units. 6- Eradication of infectious diseases with 100% coverage of vaccination, through which mass deaths have gone down in history. 480 plans for deprivation The commander of the IRGC in Shazand district said: 15 billion Rials of credit has been allocated for Shazand deprivation projects, which with the share of the units, the credit of deprivation projects will increase to 30 billion Rials. Before the victory of the revolution, the rural population was about 20 million people and today our rural population is about 20 million people and the rural population of the country has remained statistically almost constant from 1335 until today. He said: the urban population of the country in those years was 15 million people, but today the urban population has reached 60 million people, which means that we have had a 400% growth in the urban population. Conclusion Another point that needs to be seriously considered is the emphasis on job creation and production-oriented rather than emphasis on transfer payments. The experience of countries has shown that government assistance, except for people who are physically or mentally disabled or elderly or women heads of households, is better to do in return for work, participation in empowerment projects or to develop the business of the poor. Successful governments have avoided focusing solely on redistributive policies based on transfer payments. This is an issue that should also be considered regarding the targeted subsidy plan (Parliamentary Research Center, 2017, 24). The prevalence of poverty, the poor state of per capita income, and the experiences of other countries show that the best way to overcome the problem of poverty and deprivation is to overcome deprivation in the form of providing infrastructure and instead emphasizing production.