Conceptualization Of jihadi Management In The Light Of Nahj Al-Balagheh Teachings
AbstractBackground and Aim: The concept of jihadi management in particular, after the slogan of 1393 as the year of “culture and economy with national determination and jihadi management” was considered by the Supreme Leader and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. Considering the role and importance of jihadi management in the current sensitive situation of the country and the decade of progress and justice, it seems necessary to understand the concept and explain the dimensions and components of jihadi management. Method: This article deals with the conceptualization of jihadi management in the light of Imam Ali (as) with an inductive approach. Given the lack of theoretical foundations related to the concept of jihadi management, this study is exploratory in terms of purpose and seeks to create better knowledge and understanding of the phenomenon under study; Therefore, the present research was qualitative and based on the strategy of the foundation data theory, the themes and dimensions of jihad management were extracted. Findings: The findings show that nearness to God, trust, the future of Hungary and foresight, realism, rationality and rationality, the spread of unity, strategic management of human capital, strategic management of science and technology, self-assessment and continuous improvement and considering management as “Testing” is one of the most important issues in relation to jihadi management. Conclusion: The concept of jihadi management is a comprehensive concept that includes the basic principles and principles of management in the school of Islam and determines the direction and trend of managers in the Islamic society and can solve the problems of society in the decade of progress and justice and towards realization. The vision of the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the findings of research, culture building and transformation of jihadi management into the discourse of society at different levels of management and administration can play a significant role in solving the country’s problems, while it will be a key guideline for policy makers and decision makers. Keywords: Nahj al-Balaghah Imam Ali (PBUH), Jihadi management, Futurology, Strategic management of human capital, Strategic management of science and technology. Introduction The Supreme Leader and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces (Modzaleh Al-Aali) called 2014 the year of “economy and culture, with national determination and jihadi management.” The concept of “jihadi management” is one of the keywords that has been emphasized in this slogan and has been repeated many times by His Holiness. For example, he said in front of the country’s officials: “It is not possible to move forward with normal movement; With normal movement and drowsiness and insensitivity, great things cannot be done; A jihadist effort is needed, jihadi mobilization and jihadi management are needed for these things. The movement that is possible must be scientific, powerful, planned, and militant. Or in the holy shrine of Razavi, they said: “Jihadi spirit is necessary. From the beginning of the revolution until today, our nation has advanced wherever it entered the field with the spirit of jihad. We have seen this in the sacred defense, we have seen it in the constructive jihad, we are seeing it in the scientific movement. On the other hand, several definitions have been offered for management and jihad. For example, management is defined as the process of effective and efficient use of material and human resources in planning, organizing, mobilizing resources and facilities, guidance and control, which is done to achieve organizational goals and based on an accepted value system ( Alwani, 2014). Jihad as a belief effort is self-conscious, comprehensive, universal and permanent, which originates from the inner motivations of individuals, both at the micro level (struggle against the self) and at the macro level (social assistance to eradicate oppression and injustice). . The combination of management and jihad leads to the production of an abstract concept that due to the lack of existing theoretical foundations and the need to explain its concept, this article deals with the conceptualization of jihadi management in the light of Imam Ali (as) Nahj al-Balaghah. The end of the twentieth century and the beginning of the third millennium, coincided with the emergence of terms such as the post-industrial age (Danport and Grover 4, 2001), the information age (Danport and Prosak 5, 1989) and the knowledge society (Drucker 1, 1993) and knowledge management (Nonaka and Taguchi 2, 1995). Given the repeated emphasis of the Supreme Leader, it is necessary and obvious to present new concepts and related operational definitions based on Iranian Islamic culture and existing rich experiences. Like the presentation of the theory of effective leadership (Dana Yafard and Momeni, 2008), the concept of “jihadi management” is one of those concepts that can be conceptualized with the help of rich Islamic sources such as Nahj al-Balaghah of Imam Ali (as). In the following and in this regard, we will first briefly examine the concept of management and jihad. Mary Parker Fowlet 3 defines management as the art of doing things by others (Bart 4, 2003). In general, management can be defined as the science and art of coordinating the efforts of members of the organization and using resources to achieve organizational goals, playing the role of leader, source of information, decision maker and interface for members of the organization (Rezaian, ۱۳۹۲). Some theorists have pointed to the diverse cultural, interdisciplinary, and social nature of management (Kaplan 5, 2014), which focuses on purposeful activities (Kuntz, 1995). Another notable concept is jihad. Jihad in the word is derived from the root “jihad and jihad” means hardship and toil and also means strength and endurance (Ragheb Isfahani, 1363). The origin of the word jihad is from “jihad” (to the conquest of Jim and its appendix), and it means trying with suffering and toil (Ghorashi, 2007). Jihad is the source of action and B means a lot of effort and also the name means war. War is called jihad because effort is accompanied by suffering …, jihad means effort and endeavor in the way of high values … “(Najafi, 1986). Jihad means a vast endeavor that is as old as humanity and is a doctrinal, self-conscious, all-encompassing, universal, and perpetual endeavor. The word “jihad” means any effort in the way of God and striving to do good (Makarem Shirazi, 1372). Explaining the issue of jihad, the Supreme Leader also said: “The standard of jihad is not the sword and the battlefield. The criterion of jihad is what exists today in our Persian language in the word struggle. Someone is a fighter. Someone is not a fighter. Fighting writer, non-fighting writer. Fighting world, non-fighting world. A militant student and a militant student, a non-militant student and a non-militant student. Fighting community and non-fighting community. So jihad means struggle. In the struggle, two things are definitely necessary: one is that there is effort and mobility in it … and the second is that it is against it. Be an enemy … ” Method Due to the lack of theoretical foundations in relation to the concept of jihadi management, this study is exploratory in terms of purpose and seeks to create better knowledge and understanding of the phenomenon under study. Accordingly, the research was conducted to answer the question of what are the significant dimensions and components of the concept of jihadi management? The answer to this question has been done by examining and analyzing the content of Imam Ali (as) Nahj al-Balaghah. The approach of this research is inductive and the way it is done is qualitative. Qualitative research has been formed to help the researcher to understand human beings and the social and cultural contexts in which human beings live (Danaeifard et al., 2007). Due to the nature of the research, the data theory approach of Foundation 2 was used, the main purpose of which is to explain a phenomenon by identifying the key elements of that phenomenon (Strauss and Corbin 3, 1992 and 1998).