Metro long way to development destination; Comparative study of Iran and the world
Patterns of global transportation development are changing day by day with increasing traffic and advancing technology and moving towards ring lines.
By increasing the pace of urban life and increasing the volume of traffic, underground lines can control a significant portion of traffic and help develop the transportation economy. Since the city of Tehran is the capital and has the largest volume of traffic, its metro can be considered a symbol of Iran’s underground transportation. As a result, it should be noted that in the years 1384 to 1396, the development of Tehran metro lines reached its peak and nearly 7 lines were put into operation. But in 1996, with the change of the mayor of Tehran, lines 6 and 7 of the Tehran metro were closed and have not yet been fully exploited. The question is that with the current situation of sanctions and exchange rate fluctuations that have made the operation of metro lines difficult, will the speed of development of Tehran metro or even other metropolis reach the level of development of metro lines in developed countries?
On August 18 this year, the Statista Research Group released statistics on the state and position of public transportation in the world. Accordingly, public transportation systems have a direct effect on the employment situation of cities and metropolises and their economy, and from another perspective will lead to socio-economic growth of cities and citizens.
Population growth, however, is an issue intertwined with the flow of transportation around the world. Challenges related to metropolises have become commonplace today. According to the latest research, an increasing number of cities have reached ten million inhabitants, which will be a serious issue in the future. Also, high population density in metropolitan areas often leads to environmental problems that in the field of transportation, due to the network infrastructure of each city, brings traffic.
According to global statistics, Japan, India and China are the most populous countries in the Asia-Pacific region, respectively.
Accordingly, the issue of transportation in these countries will be more challenging, but now we have to address the issue of what is public transportation? In general, the public transportation system can be divided into different types of transit: city light bus that will enter Iran in the near future, bus rapid transit or high-speed bus system, etc. from various types of means of transportation And are urban quotes.
In further explanation of this system, it should be mentioned that it is a useful tool for chaining jobs to each other with work resources and on the other hand, fast and easy communication of households with different organs and places.
Urban rail traffic will reach 954 billion worldwide by 2025.
Of all the vehicles in the transportation system, however, the metro is among the most essential because it significantly improves the mobility of the city and the population and helps to control the level of population density at different hours. Another obvious benefit of the public transportation system is the reduction of carbon dioxide in the air, which is mainly due to overcrowding and an increase in personal vehicles.
According to statistics, the amount of urban traffic worldwide during the years 2005-2025 is estimated and predicted as follows:
Urban rail traffic worldwide will reach 954 billion by 2025, estimated at 574 billion kilometers of passengers. These figures also provide statistics on the rate of market development in 2025.
The fastest trains in the world in 2019
Statista Research Group also provides information on the world’s fastest trains in 2017, topped by Chinese high-speed trains. Shanghai Maglev, for example, reaches 267.8 mph, while the top speed of the Harmony CRH 380A is 236 mph.
According to these statistics, the number of subway vehicles working in Tehran in 2016 was about 1300 vehicles. According to these statistics, it should be seen in what year the first plans for the establishment of an underground train in Tehran?
The turning point in the development of Tehran Metro since 1350 until now
The first plans for the establishment of the metro (underground train) date back to 1350. In October 1974, with studies related to solving traffic problems, the proposal of the Tehran metro highway system was proposed by foreign consulting companies, including Soferto, and in the late 1960s, the Cabinet announced the complete suspension of the project before further studies.
In 1984, a group of Iranian experts presented a report on the need to build a subway and the plan to build it. This plan was presented at the Friday prayers in Tehran by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, the then Speaker of Parliament in April 1985, and the Cabinet approved The metro started again in Tehran.
In the coming years, coinciding with 1374, parts of the construction work of the metro project were completed and a contract was signed to supply metro equipment, and finally, on March 7, 1998, the first metro line in Tehran, which is the suburban part of the current metro lines, was launched.
Traces of traditional urban planning in today’s cities
Urban facades and structures are the context in which culture flows through human activities and communication. The body of the city, especially urban landscapes, has restored the historical symbols and history of a society and even a nation.
The course of developments in recent decades, both in materials and in the variety of styles, or due to the explosion of speed in construction, has led to the need to pay attention to the facade and the organization of urban bodies, sometimes paying much attention while neglecting. People’s view of the environment and landscape is one of the main aspects of interpreting the environment and landscape of city structures.
Unfortunately, we are witnessing the massacre of many ancient bodies and structures that date back to the past history of this border, but we know very well that the urban landscape plays a key role in the formation of a healthy city and sustainable urban development.
The causes of dramatic changes in urban bodies, the emergence of modern urban structures, the difference between today’s architecture and the past are issues that we may face more than ever.
Of course, it can not be said that the body or urban landscapes have not been considered and important, but rather than the previous periods, its main rule and value, which is to preserve an urban background and display ancient Iranian architecture, has become a minor need.
Tehran is one of the greenest cities with a similar geographical location and has more than 13,000 hectares of green space within the city limits. The multiplication of parks and gardens in different parts of this metropolis shows that the urban management of Tehran has made many efforts over the past 10 years to turn this city into a green city, so much so that today Tehran’s face is from a dry city to a lively green city. Has been converted.