The Ministry of Agricultural Jihad in the government of Tadbir and Omid around the axis of national production, protection of Iranian goods, strengthening the national economy has implemented programs to ensure food security in order to maintain national security, independence and authority of the country, attention to infrastructure development and supply Production inputs; It has led to sustainable production, employment and self-sufficiency in basic products.
In the early years, the Islamic Revolution began to plan to achieve the goals mentioned. In the following years, the Islamic Revolution pursued goals such as sustainable economic growth and development with a focus on the agricultural sector, training of manpower, optimal use of natural resources, the country and efforts to achieve social justice, and at the end of the planned programs, Achieve significant growth in your development plans.
Agriculture before the revolution in the country
Studies show that the Pahlavi regime in the 1940s, with its misguided strategy known as land reform, had made the Iranian economy sick. We could clearly see the symptoms of this disease in different areas of the economy.
Due to the land reforms carried out by the dictatorship in the 1940s, which were accompanied by some propaganda, a large part of Iran’s agriculture was destroyed, and with the fragmentation of Iranian agriculture, the import of American products to Iran increased greatly.
At a time when more than 70% of Iran’s agricultural products were imported from abroad and strategic products such as; Wheat and rice were dependent on the outside. An example of land reform led to the collapse of Iranian agricultural production.
Agriculture after the revolution in the country
After the victory of the Islamic Revolution, more than 90% of agricultural products are produced in the country.
During the 4 decades that have passed since the Islamic Revolution, the country has not only become self-sufficient in many different sectors of agriculture, including the production of wheat and other basic products, but has also become an exporter.
The agricultural sector has always been one of the economic sectors considered by officials after the victory of the Islamic Revolution and following the emphasis of the great founder of the Islamic Revolution on the need for self-sufficiency in strategic products such as wheat, rice and other products required significant moves to produce these products. Took.
Until the 1940s, only a small portion of agricultural land was owned by smallholder farmers. Unemployed farmers were active in agriculture and industry until land reform.
A look at the economic situation of the country before and after the Islamic Revolution
In its development plans, the Shah’s regime relied on related industries, especially those related to consumer goods, which resulted in an imbalance between the agricultural sector and other economic sectors. The country’s investment and facilities in the industry and industries depended on imports, which led to the distance between urban and rural facilities, which resulted in increasing migration of villagers to cities.
In the early years, the Islamic Revolution pursued goals such as sustainable economic growth and development with a focus on the agricultural sector, training of manpower, optimal use of the country’s natural resources and efforts to achieve social justice, and was able to grow at the end of the planned programs. Achieve attention in development programs.
The most important achievements of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the field of agriculture
Among the most important achievements of Iran in the agricultural sector are the following:
Rangeland operations have increased 40-fold from 170,000 hectares before the revolution to 6.716 million hectares.
Wood cultivation before the revolution was zero and now it has reached 262.3 thousand hectares.
Forestry operations in the north of the country have increased from 43,000 hectares to 489.9 thousand hectares with a growth of 11.6 times.
New pressurized irrigation systems have increased from 37.4 thousand hectares with a 5-fold increase to 1.780 million hectares.
Raw milk production has increased from 2.620 million tons in 1978 with a growth of 3.7 times to 9.653 million tons in 2016.
Agricultural production increased from 17.8 million tons in 1956 to 120 million tons in 1996.
The Shah’s American “land reform” project exposed Iranian agriculture to destruction.
The colonial plans of the corrupt Pahlavi regime made Iran an exporter of agricultural products one of the largest importers of food.
Before the revolution, wheat was imported from the United States, oranges and eggs from the Zionist regime, and chicken from France.
Before the revolution, only 33 days of annual food needs were produced domestically, now 90% is produced domestically.
The 30% growth of Iran’s agricultural value added in the World Bank statistics is a brilliant record of agriculture after the Islamic Revolution.
Increasing the share of agriculture in GDP from 3.1 percent to 15 percent is a great achievement of the Islamic system.
Iran’s wheat production increased from 6.4 million tons in 1977 to 14 million tons in 2016.
After the revolution, the native silage industry and wheat storage capacity increased by 2,000 percent.
Production of horticultural products has increased twenty times compared to 1956.
Per capita consumption of fruits and vegetables in the country has increased 9 times since the revolution, while this ratio has increased only 3.2 times in other countries during this period.
After the revolution, fishery production increased astronomically from 32,000 tons to one million tons per year.
Per capita fish consumption has increased 11 times since the revolution.
Chicken meat production increased from 260,000 tons to two million tons.
Egg production increased from 160,000 tons in 1978 to 640,000 tons in 2016 with a 6-fold increase.
Honey production has increased from 6.6 thousand tons in 1978 with a growth of more than 12 times to 81.5 thousand tons in 2016.
Providing suitable conditions for increasing the export of the agricultural sector by upgrading the level of technology and health and quality standards of products of conversion industries, facilitating and encouraging branding and directing support to complete the missing links and development of supply chains is one of the priorities of the agricultural sector.
Organizing existing brands and introducing new brands in the form of commodity groups, the presence of private sector activists in international exhibitions, the finalization of the national chain and the registration of the Iranian apple chain brand by the relevant private sector and the growing export of agricultural products and processed products. Similar to last year is one of the most important measures in this area.