The technological revolution is a new chapter in the economies of countries that has been able to provide new and smoother paths to achieve high levels of development. Technology, meanwhile, was an opportunity for emerging economies to catch up with industrial backwardness and stand out alongside developing or advanced economies.
Experience shows that in recent years, experts’ perceptions of technology have been hardware perceptions. For this reason, in order to acquire technology, managers have mainly purchased machines. But today, that perception has changed. Managers today know that buying hardware is not enough to access technology, but other elements of technology must be considered.
Economic status of high-tech industries in Iran
One of the most important economic features of advanced industries is that these industries do not have much opportunity to develop the market without interacting with global trade. This means that the domestic market for high-tech products is not large enough to increase supply. Therefore, industries active in this field need to connect with global markets to develop their market, which has a great impact on increasing the quality of products and thus increasing production capacity.
According to the Trade Development Organization, the country will export $ 1 billion worth of high-tech products in 1991. This figure indicates the high capacity of high-tech industries in currency exchange. Statistics show a 22 percent growth in these goods and services from 1984 to 1989 and a 265 percent growth in 1990. Iran’s share of world exports of knowledge-based products and services is expected to reach a desirable level by the end of the Fifth Plan.
Read more: High-tech challenges in Iran
Hi-Tech Industries in Iran
Statistics from the World Bank show that 18.5% of industrial goods exports in 2015 came from high-tech industries. Also in the process forecast by the World Economic Organization, in 2030, about 90% of economic growth will be technology-based, and 85% will be related to single industries.
Also, the export value of “Hi-Tech” industries reached its highest value in 1390, which was about 217.4 million dollars, and in 1391 and 1392, it decreased to 177 and 184.7 million dollars, respectively.
High-tech “Made in Iran” products accelerate corona failure
Adviser to the Vice President for Science and Technology said: “Measures in the Anti-Corona Committee of the Vice President for Science and Technology are being carried out rapidly so that we can win this field with the high-tech products made by Iran.”
According to the Communication and Information Center of the Vice President for Science and Technology, from the very first days when the Corona virus entered the country, the Vice President for Science and Technology started to take powerful steps in the field of combating knowledge with the help of scholars and startups. Remove the disease.
Parviz Karami, the spokesman of the Vice President for Science and Technology, said: “We call for the defeat of Corona” and the “formation of a committee to fight Corona in the Vice President for Science” from the very first days to the ecology of technology and innovation in this sympathetic struggle. And always work with the front-line defenders of the medical and health struggle.
He added: “Continuous meetings to follow up the measures taken in this regard will be held regularly in the presence of the Vice President for Science and Technology and the heads of staffs related to the Committee against Corona.”
The spokesman for the Vice President for Science and Technology continued: “One of the actions of this headquarters was to publish a call by the Vice President for Science and Technology and the Innovation and Prosperity Fund, which was published with the aim of helping to fight the Corona virus.” According to this call, the projects of knowledge-based and technology companies will be supported, and these companies can benefit from the facilities paid with the support of the Vice President for Science and Technology.
Manufacture of corona detection kits, production of nano masks, production of disinfectants, manufacture of mask production devices, drugs effective in controlling the effects of disease, software systems, monitoring, modeling and simulation software and other products and services that deal with in any way The virus is the focus of this call, and companies active in this field will benefit from this special support package designed for this purpose in the Vice Chancellor for Science and the Innovation Fund.
According to the head of the Trade Development Organization of Iran, one of the most important policies and strategies of this organization is to pay special attention to exports in the high-tech products sector.
According to Hamid Safdel, Deputy Minister of Mining Industry and Trade, the growth of knowledge-based products production in the country requires special attention to purposeful allocation of resources and adoption of smart policies, as well as using the capacity of related centers such as science and technology parks to develop product exports. High “single” and high value added.
According to him, very high added value, intense competition of developed countries with these technologies, high quality in products and services in various dimensions, the need for skills and precise tools, complex technical knowledge and high rate of technological change, are among the things that trade in The world has noticed and made the competition very sensitive.
Safdel also announced that concluding a memorandum, drafting a policy and support package, selecting sample exporters in the field of “high-tech” and preparing and communicating executive regulations for the provinces are on the agenda as part of the actions of the Trade Development Organization of Iran. Planning to hold provincial tables, sending business delegations and planning to support branding in this area are other activities of the organization.
The development of advanced industries and the growth of production of knowledge-based products in the country requires special attention to purposefulness in allocating resources and adopting smart policies, as well as using the capacities of centers related to the field of high value-added advanced industries.
Intense competition of developed countries with these technologies and high quality in products and services in various dimensions in the field of high tech, requires special attention, development of skills and precision tools and sophisticated technical knowledge and high rate of technological change in this field, which fortunately in recent years It has been considered in the country’s development programs and the general policies of the resistance economy.